Publication Ethics

  1. Authorship and Originality: All submitted manuscripts must be original and should not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. Authors must ensure that they have contributed significantly to the research and that all co-authors have reviewed and approved the final version of the manuscript.
  2. Plagiarism and Citation: Authors should acknowledge and cite all sources of data used in their research. Plagiarism in any form is unacceptable and constitutes a breach of publication ethics. Manuscripts found to contain plagiarized content will be rejected or retracted.
  3. Conflicts of Interest: Authors must disclose any potential conflicts of interest that could influence the interpretation or presentation of their research findings. Conflicts of interest may arise from financial interests, affiliations, or personal relationships that could be perceived as biasing the work.
  4. Data Integrity and Reproducibility: Authors should provide accurate and complete data to support their findings. Any manipulation or fabrication of data is considered unethical. Authors should retain original data for a reasonable period after publication and be prepared to provide it upon request.
  5. Peer Review Process: The journal employs a rigorous peer review process to ensure the quality and integrity of published research. Reviewers are expected to provide unbiased and constructive feedback. Authors should respond to reviewers' comments and address any concerns raised during the review process.
  6. Editorial Independence: Editors must make decisions based on the quality and relevance of the manuscript and without influence from external factors. Editorial decisions should not be influenced by the author's identity, reputation, or affiliations.
  7. Corrections and Retractions: If errors or inaccuracies are discovered in a published manuscript, authors are obligated to promptly notify the journal editor and cooperate in issuing corrections or retractions as necessary. Corrections should be published promptly to maintain the integrity of the scholarly record.
  8. Copyright and Permissions: Authors should ensure that they have obtained appropriate permissions for any copyrighted material used in their manuscripts. Upon acceptance for publication, authors may be required to transfer copyright to the journal or comply with the journal's copyright policies.
  9. Ethical Treatment of Subjects: Research involving human or animal subjects must comply with ethical standards and regulations. Authors should provide evidence of ethical approval for studies involving human participants and describe procedures for obtaining informed consent.
  10. Compliance with Guidelines: Authors should adhere to relevant reporting guidelines and standards, such as those provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), and others applicable to their field of study.
  11. Confidentiality: Editors and reviewers must treat all submitted manuscripts as confidential documents and must not disclose any information about a manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, and editorial staff.
  12. Reviewer Conduct: Reviewers should conduct their evaluations objectively and provide feedback in a professional manner. Reviewers must disclose any conflicts of interest and refrain from using privileged information obtained through the peer review process for personal or professional gain.